In Education, there are some people that have difficulties in learning since they have disabilities, such as:
1. VISION IMPAIRMENTS
* Blindness involves a substantial, uncorrectable loss of vision in both eyes
* Low Vision, for example: instance poor acuity (vision that is not sharp), tunnel vision (seeing only the middle of the visual field), central field loss (seeing only the edges of the visual field), and clouded vision.
* Color blindness is a lack of sensitivity to certain colors. Common forms of color blindness include difficulty distinguishing between red and green, or between yellow and blue. Sometimes color blindness results in the inability to perceive any color.
2. SPEECH DISABILITIES
Speech disabilities can include difficulty producing speech that is recognizable by some voice recognition software, either in terms of loudness or clarity
3. MOTOR DISABILITIES
Motor disabilities can include weakness, limitations of muscular control (such as involuntary movements, lack of coordination, or paralysis), limitations of sensation, joint problems, or missing limbs. Some physical disabilities can include pain that impedes movement. These conditions can affect the hands and arms as well as other parts of the body.
4. DEAF/DIFFICULTIES IN HEARING
Deaf involves a substantial uncorrectable impairment of hearing in both ears. Some deaf individuals’ first language is a sign language, and they may or may not read a written language fluently, or speak clearly
5. LEARNING DISABILITIES
Some of educated people have developed software to help these people so they can learn like a normal people.
One of the software called SC@UT stands for Augmentative and Adaptive Communication System, was created by researchers from the School of Computer Engineering (ETSI) at AGR, the association ASPROGRADES and a team of psychologists, psycho-pedagogues, and speech therapists. This sofware is designed for children with special communication and educational needs, such as those who suffer from autism Down’s syndrome, or cerebral palsy. It can help the child to express such needs as going to the toilet or hunger, as well as such states as being happy, sad, or tired.
When communication improves, disruptive behaviour in disabled children decreases. Consequently, the use of that display could also diminish aggressiveness in autistic children. Some of them even injured themselves because they become frustrated when they cannot communicate with others. Using this software, they will establish communication among their friends and teachers.
SC@UT can be downloaded from www.ugr.es/~scaut/
For someone that have problem with visual impairments, some of computers has been designed for them. Such computers can be communicate back to the person, via a synthetic voice, for what he is typing while others read what’s on a web page. And we also have Braille output device for blind person. Furthermore there are Magnification software products that can enlarge a particular part of a computer screen. The Monochrome screen will also provided for color blind person.
For Physical Disabilities Person, some solution for them so that they can also learn as follows:
* a larger keyboard on your computer may help when they have difficulties with dexterity
* an ‘on-screen keyboard’ means the user only needs a mouse to select characters on the screen
* alternatives to using a standard mouse include joysticks or tracker balls, which can be easier to control and use
* pointers and sticks are available that can be attached to the head and used to press keys on a keyboard
* a speech recognition software, which enable user to type on the computer using his only voice instead of keyboard/mouse.
* Keyboard software. One of the simplest ways to adapt a computer is to modify the standard keyboard using special software.
* Vocal Joystick software, which allows disabled people to use computers in a better way. The software allows the computer to be driven by sound, in pace of the conventional-functioning mouse
* a software that allow a physically disabled person to guide a computer mouse using brain waves and eye movements.
Technology that allows gamers to control game functions with only their eyes is helping to open virtual worlds such as Second Life and World of Warcraft to people with severe motor disabilities.
ScienceDaily (July 1, 2009)
For Deaf students, they can use SMIL-based multimedia format enabling synchronized captioning of audio and description of video. They can quickly found that it was much easier to comprehensively index the audio resources on the accessible area of the Web site, once these resources were captioned with text.