(as applied to ITGS examination questions and assessment statements)

Candidates should be guided on the meaning of action verbs

Define
Give the precise meaning of a word or phrase as concisely as possible.

State
Give a specific name or other brief answer. No supporting argument or calculation is necessary.

List
Give a sequence of names or other brief answers with no elaboration. Each one should be clearly distinguished from the others. The number required may be specified.

Draw
Represent by means of pencil lines. Add labels unless told not to do so.

Outline
Give a brief account or summary, including essential information only.

Describe
Give a detailed account, including all the relevant information.

Identify
Find an answer from a number of possibilities.

Apply
Use an idea, equation, principle, theory, or law in a new situation.

Annotate
Add brief notes to a statement, diagram, drawing or graph.

Discuss
Give an account including, where possible, a range of arguments, assessments of the relative importance of various factors or comparison of alternative hypotheses or ideas.

Compare
Give an account of similarities and differences between two (or more) items, referring to both (all) of them throughout. Comparisons can be given using a table.

Explain
Give a clear account including causes, reasons or mechanisms.

Evaluate
Assess the implications and limitations.

Analyze
Interpret information to reach conclusions.

Suggest
Propose a hypothesis, solution or other possible answer.
Deduce Reach a conclusion from the information given.

Predict
Give an expected result.

Design
Produce a plan, object, simulation or model.

Determine
Find the only possible answer.